What is defragmentation, and how can it help your computer’s performance?

Sometimes referred to as “defrag” or “defragging”, defragmentation is a process involving rearranging data on storage solutions like hard disk drives for more efficient access and storage.

The benefits of defragmenting your hard drive include improving your laptop or desktop computer’s speed and performance.

Over time, disks become defragmented. Data files are divided, and their parts become stored in different areas of the disk. When this happens, fragmentation occurs, and slows down how a computer operates. Defragmentation can help resolve such issues.

How does defragmentation work?

To decrease fragmentation, disk optimisation tools typically use compaction that can make room, creating larger areas of storage space. Specific disk defragmentation tools may also try to group and collect smaller files, especially files that are usually accessed sequentially.

Another type of defragmentation is hard drive defragging. This approach is respected as a reliable way to help computers work better. However, many users overlook this option or actively avoid it, as the process can be time-consuming. However, if it is carried out regularly, defragging takes less time when performed again.

How to defrag a disk

Windows includes a defrag app. It can be located by simply typing the word “defrag” in your search bar next to the Windows icon on your screen. Next, you’ll want to click on the section “Defragment and Optimise Drives”, and you can select the drives you want to defrag before clicking “Optimise”. The disk will now be defragged.

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